Continuum Voltage Converter (CVC) for Analog Synthesizers

Even though the Continuum and ContinuuMini will work adequately with a standard Midi to Control Voltage device, Haken Audio has developed a high resolution converter to fully exploit the fast data rates and ranges of the Continuum. The Continuum Voltage Converter (CVC) generates control voltage signals that are perfectly suited for interfacing with legacy and modern-day analog synthesizer systems.


Continuum Voltage Converter (CVC) Sixteen output control voltage converter specifically designed for the Continuum.


  • Price is for purchase direct from Haken Audio; free shipping within North America — International customers responsible for customs/import duties — European customers please purchase from European sources (Schneidersladen in Berlin, Modular Square in Paris, etc).

The CVC allows for the polyphonic X,Y, and Z outputs of the Continuum to be converted into a total of sixteen continuous control voltages and gates. To achieve this, the data output of the Continuum is connected directly to the CVC’s data input, avoiding Midi altogether. The CVC is specifically made for the Continuum and will not work with any other device


CVC Features

Ultra-fast Communications

The CVC is built around i2c chips which communicate directly with the Continuum at 400kHz data rate.

High Resolution

Unprecedented pitch bend support of 8 octaves (96 half steps pitch) at full Continuum output resolution (1 cent), with 16 bit DA converters on all individual control voltage outputs.

Output Filtering

The Continuum updates parameters at a much higher rate than a standard keyboard. Finger pressure update rate is so fast that the updates can make an audible pitch on a standard Midi-CV, requiring external filtering. The CVC has been designed with this in mind, and as such requires no external filters for noise suppression.

Midi Data Playback

The CVC can output control signals originating from data fed to the Continuum’s Midi input. This allows a Continuum performance to be captured and played back from a Midi sequencer into the CVC.


Depending on your analog synthesizer, you will have particular preferences for voltage ranges of each output on your CVC. The CVC can switch between different voltage set ups at any time through special interaction with the Continuum playing surface or the Continuum Editor. In addition, the EaganMatrix can be programmed to create entirely custom control voltages; up to 8 control voltages can be defined for a voice, integrating formula math, shape generators, delays, and other EaganMatrix functionality into your analog performance.



Communication Rate:           440 kbaud

Interface:                               i2c link to Continuum

Control Voltage Output:       Sixteen 16-bit D/As, each -9.9 V to +10 V

Power:                                   10 W, 110 or 220 Vac

Size:                                       38.1∙15.3∙4.4 cm (15∙6∙1.73″)

Weight:                                   1.45 kg (3.2 lb)

Weight Rack Ears:                 90 g (3 oz

Before the CVC

Even before the CVC, it was possible to control analog synths using Continuum Midi output through a standard Midi-CV converter. It can work pretty well, but in practice it is very hard to set up everything optimally for the Continuum. The data coming from the Continuum is standard Midi, but it is so unlike a keyboard and other MPE controllers that most people were getting their Midi-CVs set up “almost right”, not “exactly right”. From Haken Audio’s point of view it was very frustrating, because so much time and effort was spent perfecting the Continuum’s Midi functionality. Typical problems people had with Midi-CVs were: the Continuum response is sluggish, or the Continuum is not correctly in tune, or slight zipper/buzzing noises in the control signals, etc. And mostly people would think “that’s just the way the Continuum is”, and do not realize the problem is in the Midi-CV configuration.

A Dedicated Hardware Device

The CVC was developed so that analog synth people could concentrate on their Continuum playing technique and on their sound patches — and not spend so much time and effort messing with a Midi-CV. The CVC is as good a product as Haken Audio can currently design. The CVC is perfected for the Continuum, and does not support other Midi devices. Controlling an analog synth from other Midi controllers besides the Continuum will still require a standard Midi-CV. Controlling an analog synth from a Continuum via the CVC will give one the best possible response time and accuracy.

CVC versus Midi – A Case Study

The Moog Voyager is a wonderful-sounding analog synth. It has two methods to control this sound engine externally, analog control voltages and Midi. In fact both can be used at the same time if one wishes.

Below are two sound files, one controlling the Voyager via control voltage from the CVC and the other via Midi. For these audio examples the same basic patch on the Voyager was used. The sound patch has a fast percussive blip at the beginning of it’s filter and volume amplitude to accentuate the attack phase of a note shape.

Control Voltage (CVC) version

CVC control setup:
Gate = Filter and Volume envelope gates
X = pitch via the CV pitch input
Y = nothing

Midi version

Midi Control setup (direct cabling from the Continuum Midi output to the Voyager Midi input):
Gate = generated as a Midi Note-On when Z becomes non-zero, Midi velocity at 127
X = Pitch
Y = nothing
Z = Volume control by sending Midi CC messages


No matter how fast the Continuum is played the percussive attack is slower via Midi than via the CVC. This is due to Midi data smoothing in the Voyager, and not a speed or accuracy problem with Midi. The Voyager’s smoothing is preventing it’s VCA from responding to fast changes in the Midi CC data, thus the percussive attacks are lost. In a typical Midi situation, the CC data might be generated by a low-quality slider with slow update rate, and the Voyager’s smoothing would be appropriate.  But here the Continuum is trying to use the Midi CC data to generate fast transitional changes in the amplitude of a single note. This is an example of how Midi implementation in a synth has been optimized for one purpose, preventing from being used in the more esoteric way that something like the Continuum requires. This problem is not resolved using MPE; MPE does not indicate differences in controller precision and cc rates (see MPE+ page). Fortunately a sophisticated analog synth like the Voyager has both Midi and control voltage paths for controlling it’s sound parameters.